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Hydrocephalus Surgery and Treatment in India

Hydrocephalus - An Introduction

The term hydrocephalus is derived from the Greek words "hydro" meaning water and "cephalus" meaning head. As the name suggests, it is a condition in which excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain. The excess fluid causes the spaces in the brain, called ventricles, to expand which results in potentially harmful pressure on the tender tissues of the brain. Hydrocephalus can be fatal if not treated on time. Once known as "water on the brain," the "water" is actually cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a clear fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Hydrocephalus affects a wide range of people from infants and older children to young, middle-aged and older adults.

Symptoms of Hydrocephalus:

The signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus vary by age group and disease progression.

In infants, common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus include:

In older children and adults, common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus include:

Types of Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is sometimes present at birth (Congenital hydrocephalus), although it may develop later at any age (Acquired hydrocephalus).

Causes of Hydrocephalus:

The causes of hydrocephalus are not entirely clear to scientists. The condition may result from genetic inheritance (this is called aqueductal stenosis -- the narrowing of a specific pathway in the brain) or developmental disorders, such as those associated with neural tube defects like spinal bifida and encephalocele.

Other possible hydrocephalus causes include:

Diagnosis of Hydrocephalus:

To diagnose Hydrocephalus, a physician considers the patient's medical history, symptoms, results of the physical exam, and certain imaging tests or procedures. Tests used to diagnose hydrocephalus can include:

The tests that the doctor recommends are based on the patient's age, clinical presentation, and the presence of known or suspected problems of the brain or spinal cord.

To get free no obligation Quote For Hydrocephalus Surgery in India
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Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

Hydrocephalus Treatment:

The goal of treatment is to reduce or prevent brain damage by improving the flow of CSF.

Surgery is the main treatment. The blockage may be surgically removed, if possible. If the blockage cannot be removed, a shunt may be placed within the brain to allow CSF to flow around the blocked area

Types of Hydrocephalus Surgery:

Shunt Placement: The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical insertion of a drainage system, called a shunt. It consists of a long flexible tube with a valve that keeps fluid from the brain flowing in the right direction and at the proper rate. One end of the tubing is usually placed in one of the brain's ventricles. The tubing is then tunneled under the skin to another part of the body where the excess cerebrospinal fluid can be more easily absorbed — such as the abdomen or a chamber in the heart.

People who have hydrocephalus usually need a shunt system for the rest of their lives, so additional surgeries may be needed to insert longer tubing to match a child's growth. Revisions to the shunt also may be needed if the tubing becomes blocked or infected.

Ventriculostomy: This surgical procedure is sometimes used when there is an obstruction of flow between ventricles. In the procedure, your surgeon makes a hole in the bottom of one of the ventricles, to allow the cerebrospinal fluid to flow toward the base of the brain, where normal absorption occurs.

Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy: In some cases of adult hydrocephalus we are able to determine that there is a CSF blockage that can be potentially bypassed using an endoscopic surgery. In this type of shunt surgery, an endoscopic camera and microinstruments are manipulated through a minimally invasive, computer guided approach into the ventricle. A small hole is made in the floor of the third ventricle, allowing CSF to flow out of the brain. When successful, this type of surgery corrects the hydrocephalus without requiring a shunt implantation.

Benefits of Hydrocephalus Surgery and Radiotherapy

The success of shunts in treatment of hydrocephalus varies from person to person; some people recover almost completely after treatment and have a good quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment improve the chance of a good recovery. In the last 50 years, there have been incremental advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of hydrocephalus, however, often repeated neurosurgical operations are necessary to treat hydrocephalus. A shunt is designed to control the amount of flow and pressure of CSF out of the brain ventricles and this surgery has shown great results. Despite the problems associated with shunts, at present they are still the best option for most children. Promising new technology includes shunts with valves that can be externally programmed postoperatively and a procedure that uses an endoscope to visualize the blockage and open it, making a shunt unnecessary. Improvements reported by the patient and the patient's family, shows good results of treatment of Hydrocephalus. Most children with hydrocephalus that survive for 1 year will have a fairly normal life span. Approximately a third will have normal intellectual function, but neurological difficulties may persist.

To get free no obligation Quote For Hydrocephalus Surgery in India
click here
Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

Complications involved in Hydrocephalus Surgery:

Certain risks must be considered with any surgery. Although your surgeon will take every precaution to avoid complications, among the most common risks possible with shunt surgery are: infection, malfunction, disconnection, or obstruction. The sudden release of CSF during or after surgery can cause a subdural hematoma (blood clot) to form. Other possible risks include hemorrhage (excessive bleeding) within the brain.

Hydrocephalus Surgery and Treatment in India:

Around a million medical tourists travel to India to avail the benefits of the treatment facilities that India offers.India offers a wide range of treatment solution and has become a medical tourism center of the world. Treatment and surgery of Hydrocephalus in India is attracting people from different parts of the world. India has a pool of experienced and skilled neurologists and neurosurgeons. They specialize in identifying and diagnosing different types of brain conditions. Treatment programs that are offered in India have a high success rates, with comparatively minimal complications.

India's growing economy has allowed many developments in the country which has enabled many hospitals to have highly effective and advanced equipments of treatment. The doctors, surgeons, nurses and other medical professionals are highly experienced and skilled at their work. Most of the hospitals are directly or indirectly associated with centers offering alternative therapies like, yoga, naturopathy, etc. Travel and accommodation is also easily accessible in India.

Cities in India that offers Hydrocephalus Surgery at some of the top and world class hospitals are as follows;


MumbaiHyderabadKerala
DelhiPuneGoa
BangaloreNagpurJaipur
ChennaiGurgaonChandigarh

Some of the common countries from which patients travel to India for surgery are:

USAUKCanada
AustraliaNew ZealandNigeria
KenyaEthiopiaUganda
TanzaniaZambiaCongo
Sri LankaBangladeshPakistan
AfghanistanNepalUzbekistan

International Patient Experience

To get free no obligation Quote For Hydrocephalus Surgery in India
click here
Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

Below are the downloadable links that will help you to plan your medical trip to India in a more organized and better way. Attached word and pdf files gives information that will help you to know India more and make your trip to India easy and memorable one.

Click icon to Download Document

About India

Destinations in India

Indian Embassy List

Medical Tourism FAQ

Visa For India

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