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Bladder Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India


Bladder cancer, or cancer of the bladder, is cancer that forms in the tissues of the bladder. The bladder is an organ that stores urine. The majority of bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas - the cancer starts in cells of the inner-lining of the bladder. Bladder cancer tends to affect older adults, but can develop in any age group. The disease is highly treatable at an early stage, when fortunately most diagnoses are made. Nevertheless, bladder cancer has a high rate of recurrence (coming back), even if treated early on. That is why survivors should undergo regular follow-up screening tests.

What is a Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder. The bladder is a hollow, muscular organ that stores urine; it is located in the pelvis. The most common type of bladder cancer begins in cells lining the inside of the bladder and is called transitional cell carcinoma (sometimes urothelial cell carcinoma). Most bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in cells that normally make up the inner lining of the bladder).

What are the Types of Bladder Cancer?

The following are the common types of Bladder Cancer, depending on the type of cell where the cancer begins:

What are the Causes of Bladder Cancer?

We do not know exactly what causes bladder cancer; however, a number of carcinogens have been identified that are potential causes, especially in cigarette smoke. Research is focusing on conditions that alter the genetic structure of cells, causing abnormal cell reproduction. We do know that the following factors increase a person's risk of developing a bladder cancer:

What are the Symptoms of Bladder Cancer?

A symptom is something the patient feels or reports, while a sign is something other people, including a doctor, may detect. For example, pain may be a symptom while a rash could be a sign. The most common signs and symptoms are:

The patient may also experience the following symptoms, but they are less common:

Any blood in urine should be reported to your doctor immediately. However, it most likely is not bladder cancer. Less than 1 in 1,000 cases of Hematuria (blood in urine) are caused by bladder cancer. Nevertheless, this does not mean you should ignore it. Blood in urine may be a sign of several other medical conditions, as well as bladder cancer.

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Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

What is the Diagnosis for Bladder Cancer?

The following are the tests which are used to diagnose Bladder Cancer:

Urine Sample: If the patient had detected blood in urine the doctor will ask for a urine sample, which will be tested for abnormal cells; this called a urinary cystography. Although this test is useful it can sometimes give false-positive results, and vice-versa - detect abnormal cells when there is not cancer, or not detect abnormal cells when cancer is present. A doctor cannot make a diagnosis just from a urine test. The urine sample will also be tested for bacteria.

Physical examination - the doctor will carry out a physical examination. This may include an examination of the rectum and vagina for women, and just the rectum for men.

If the doctor requires more data, or if bladder cancer is suspected, the GP will probably refer the patient to a urologist. A urologist, or urological surgeon, is a doctor who specializes in just diseases of the urinary organs in females, and the urinary organs and sex organs in males. The urologist may recommend the following tests:

If results come back positive - if cancerous cells are detected in the bladder lining, the patient may have to undergo further tests to determine whether the cancer is limited to its area of origin, or has spread. These tests might include:

What are the Stages of Bladder Cancer?

The stage of Bladder cancer is largely determined by how "deeply" the tumor has invaded. The following list describes its various stages.

How to Prepare for Bladder Cancer Surgery?

Before having Bladder Cancer surgery, find out all you can about the benefits, risks, and side effects of the operation. You may want to ask your doctor the following questions. The answers may help you feel more comfortable with your decision.

What are the Common Procedures for Bladder Cancer Surgery?

Treatment for Bladder Cancer depends on the type of cancer, how advanced it is, the patient's general health, and his/her preferences. The following are the surgical options

To get free no obligation Quote For Bladder Cancer Treatment & Surgery in India
click here
Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

Early-stage Bladder Cancer

TURBT (Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor) - this procedure is used when the cancer is confined to the inner layers of the bladder. The surgeon passes a wire loop through the patient's urethra and into the bladder. The loop burns away cancer cells by means of fulguration (electric current). The patient may feel some pain and have blood in his/her urine for a few days. During surgery, a Foley catheter is placed in your bladder to drain the urine. After surgery, your urine may be bloody and there may be some clots in it. Continuous bladder irrigation (CBI) may be needed to clear your urine if you have a lot of clots. With CBI, a special Foley catheter is used to irrigate or flush the bladder continuously while your urine and the CBI fluid empty into a drainage bag. If you are not able to urinate on your own after the Foley catheter has been removed, you may need to go home with your catheter.

Segmenta Cystectomy (Partial Cystectomy) - a portion of the bladder that contains cancer cells is surgically removed. This procedure is an option of the cancer is limited to just one part of the bladder that can be surgically removed without seriously affecting bladder function. The patient will receive a general anesthetic and remain in hospital for between seven to ten days. There is a risk of bleeding and infection. There may also be bleeding. As the procedure reduces the size of the bladder the patient will need to urinate more often after it.

Invasive Bladder Cancer (Later Stage)

Radical Cystectomy - the whole bladder is surgically removed, as well as nearby lymph nodes. For males this also includes the removal of the prostate and seminal vesicles, which will cause infertility. For females this also includes removal of the uterus, ovaries (causing infertility) and part of their vagina. The younger woman will experience premature menopause. There is a risk of infection, blood clots, bleeding and bowel obstruction. With the entire bladder removed the surgeon needs to create a new route for the urine to leave the body. A urinary conduit (a tube) using a piece of the patient's intestine can be created, which goes from the kidneys to the outside of the body where the urine drains into a urostomy bag. The bag is worn on the patient's abdomen. Alternatively the surgeon may use a section of intestine to create a small internal reservoir for urine; this is called a cutaneous continent urinary diversion. The reservoir can be drained by inserting a catheter into a hole in the abdomen. The surgeon can also create a neo-bladder from a piece of intestine. This internal reservoir is connected to the urethra, so that the patient can urinate in a normal way. Sometimes a catheter may be needed.

What is the Post-Operative Care after Bladder Cancer Surgery?

The patients undergoing a Bladder Cancer Surgery should take of the following things under post operative care:

Why Bladder Cancer Surgery in India?

Of late India has become the most preferred destination for Bladder Cancer Surgery. Many foreign patients especially from the west come to India for a nice blend of top-class medical expertise at attractive prices. The global patients get treated at world renowned hospitals of India with latest facilities and globally benchmarked healthcare services administered by surgeons and physicians trained in international medical practices.

Bladder Cancer Surgery in India is provided at hospitals having a team of highly-trained doctors of international repute and research analysts working together to develop newer treatment approaches and using them for effective patient cure and care. With the use of advanced medical technology and newly invented techniques, the recovery time after surgery is shortened and within very short period time frame, patients becomes fit and return back to work.

Indian hospitals provide patients with the best results and care by ensuring that everything they encounter is of the highest quality. The Bladder Cancer Surgery in India is available at various hospitals in the following cities with latest amenities and state-of-art-facilities.


What is the Cost of Bladder Cancer Surgery in India?

India offers outstanding Bladder Cancer Surgery at 60-80% less than prevailing USA or UK rates. Even with travel expenses taken into account, the comprehensive medical tourism packages still provide a savings measured in the thousands of dollars for major procedures. A cost comparison of various medical treatments can give you the exact idea about the difference:

Medical Treatmentc Procedure Cost (US$)
United States India
Radical Cystectomy 38,000 7,500
TURBT 15,000 3,000
Urinary diversion 42,000 9,000

International Patient Experience

To get free no obligation Quote For Bladder Cancer Treatment & Surgery in India
click here
Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

Some of the common countries from which patients travel to India for surgery are:

USA UK Canada
Australia New Zealand Nigeria
Kenya Ethiopia Uganda
Tanzania Zambia Congo
Sri Lanka Bangladesh Pakistan
Afghanistan Nepal Uzbekistan

Below are the downloadable links that will help you to plan your medical trip to India in a more organized and better way. Attached word and pdf files gives information that will help you to know India more and make your trip to India easy and memorable one.

Click icon to Download Document

About India

Destinations in India

Indian Embassy List

Medical Tourism FAQ

Visa For India

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